EPISCOPAL AND PATRIARCHAL BASILICA (IX–XIVc.) AND RESIDENCE (X c.)

South of the north wall, after the adoption  of Christianity, in the second half of IX c. an imposing temple was erected. As an architectural plan it was a three-nave basilica with a narthex and three apses. Probably is was the cathedral church of the first Bishop of Drastar - Bishop Nikolay. After 927  it was rebuilt and became the residence of the first Bulgarian Patriarch Damian.

In  XI - XII c. the church was a cathedral of Byzantine bishops. After the Tatar invasion in 1242 it was rebuilt and continued to function until the end of XIV c. as a temple to Bulgarian metropolitans.

To the west of the basilica  a patriarchal residence  was built dating from the X c. . Around the inner courtyard there were chained premises where the patriarchs and bishops were probably housed. There was a bath  to the east of the cathedral  that was a part of the complex.
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